Mommsen signals a headstone funeral Roman bulwark on the door of a store, in the courtyard of the feudal building of Monte, probably from Velia.
As I have said elsewhere, the bishops of Vallo of the Lucania, as their predecessors of Capaccio, keep on conferring upon some title of gentlemen of Monte, that didn't belong, however, to the ancient ecclesiastical feud of Agropoli that included instead the disappears village of Luculo. Of this inhabited area is news in the record of the pastoral visit of Lelio Ferro that, in a visit to the chapel of St. Lucy (1 November 1589) situates.
Identical news in the record of holy visit of the vicar de Pace in 1692 speaking of the aforesaid chapel existing in the ancient feud of Luculo « in quo episcopus Caputaquis east cheater ». As I have already said, the Episcopalian feud of Agropoli was sold by Gregorio XII to king Ladislao (1410). Then, the feud of Agropoli passed to the Sanseverinos. Nevertheless in the Aragonese Code of the Trinchera there is a letter of king Ferrante (5 July 1563) that mentions the existence to Luculo of an important ecclesiastical benefit promised to Fabrizio Column. It is not to exclude that then such benefit, together with the village of Monte, had been granted to the bishops of Capaccio.
Certainly king Ferdinando II (Ferrantino), child of Alfonso II of Aragon, had sold « to the magnificent Berlingieri Carrafa, his dear maiordomo, for 5 thousand ducats of carolenis silver », the lands of Novi and of Gioi. King Federico in 1499 granted to Berengario Carrafa the lands of Cuccaro and mixed imperio on the villages of Laurito, Montano, Massicelle, hamlet of Monte of the barony of Cilento and the land of Magliano. But the feud of Monte had then to return to the Sanseverinos, if these then granted it (between 1509 and the 1511), with Cicerale and Corbellari, to Maramaldo Gentilcore, child of the was Lionetto.
The regal Curia sold down then the jurisdiction of the first causes to Andrew Pisanello for ducats 693. Then the feud was possessed by the family Giaquinto, on which was granted to Anthony Giaquinto the title of duke. Of this baron is then news in the record of the visit of the vicar de Pace (2 July 1698). From Vincent Giaquinto or Jaquinto, that happened him, the feud passed for maternal succession to Maria Antonia Marotta (death 29 june 1800), mother of Gaetano de Chaves that had the heading of it, for succession, on April 27 1801.
Lacking males, happened to Gaetano the daughter Caterina that got legal recognition of it with sovereign document on 3 October 1853. Then obtained the title of duke of the Monte Francis Saverio Marigliano of Lamb, that had legal recognition of it with decree ministerial on 20 March 1901.Antonini says of the village and of the near uninhabited country of Luculo « both of reason for the Episcopalian Cafeteria of Capaccio ».
He still writes to have noticed from a document what to the times of king Charles I the village of Luculo was inhabited and that to Adamo Maurier was sold for 80 ounces.Giustiniani says of the village and of its inhabitants, but informs of the following censuses to the 1489 of the « casalis Montis » and (65 fires but 369 inhabitants) of 1508 (40: inhabitants 200).
A notable diminution of the population for the 1501 plague that we will find after the most serious and wide of 1656. In 1669, and that is 13 years after the plague, the inhabitants were still 80 (in 1648, 225).
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